Starting a Business in Colorado – A Comprehensive Guide

How to Start a Business in Colorado

Are you ready to dive into the world of entrepreneurship in Colorado? Our in-depth guide provides all the essential information and resources you need to turn your business idea into an actual, registered business. Whether launching your first startup or expanding your current business, this guide will be your reliable partner while exploring Colorado’s dynamic business environment.Denver, Colorado, USA at the Colorado State Capitol during a winters night.

Top two advantages of starting a business in Colorado:

  1. A thriving economy and innovation hub boasting a skilled workforce and numerous investment opportunities.
  2. A diverse range of industries with significant growth prospects includes technology, outdoor recreation, and clean energy.

Top two challenges of starting a business in Colorado:

  1. Striking the right balance between affordability and accessibility, as some areas may have lower costs but limited access to resources and talent.
  2. Navigating a competitive landscape and staying informed on ever-changing state regulations demand careful strategizing and tactical execution.

Continue reading as we delve into the intricacies of doing business in Colorado, providing valuable insights into regulations, taxes, and more.

Regulatory Factors and Taxes in Colorado

Colorado is known for fostering a business-friendly environment, achieving a balance between preserving safety, environmental conservation, and consumer rights while presenting a streamlined regulatory landscape for entrepreneurs. As a business owner in Colorado, gaining a thorough understanding of the state’s tax structure is vital for effective financial planning and budgeting.

Colorado levies a flat corporate income tax rate of 4.4%, which is comparatively lower than many states. This competitive tax rate can be beneficial when strategizing and organizing your business’s financial affairs.

The general sales tax rate in Colorado stands at 2.9%. However, local sales tax rates can differ by jurisdiction, with combined state and local sales tax rates reaching up to 8.81% in specific areas. Colorado holds the 16th position on the 2023 State Business Tax Climate Index.

Moreover, Colorado businesses should consider property taxes, industry-specific taxes, and additional fees. Consequently, an all-encompassing grasp of Colorado’s tax framework is essential for businesses to budget effectively and ensure adherence to state and local regulations.

What are the Different Types of Business Structures I Can Use?

There are five primary types of businesses. Each type of business entity is described below.

Sole Proprietorship

A business owned and operated by one individual with no legal distinction between the business and the owner. The owner is personally responsible for all debts and liabilities of the business.

Limited Liability Company (LLC)

A flexible business organization that combines the liability protection of a corporation with the tax benefits and simplicity of a partnership. Owners of an LLC are called members, and their assets are typically protected from the debts and liabilities of the business. An LLC will have Articles of Organization that let you formalize how your business will work and the rights of different types of members.


A type of corporation allows for pass-through taxation, meaning that profits and losses are passed through to the shareholders and reported on their tax returns. S-Corporations are limited to 100 shareholders and must meet certain eligibility requirements.


A separate legal entity from its owners (shareholders) means that the corporation can enter into contracts, own assets, and sue or be sued. C-Corporations are subject to double taxation, meaning that the corporation and the shareholders are taxed on profits.

Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)

A partnership that limits the personal liability of its partners. LLPs are typically used by professional service providers such as lawyers, accountants, and architects. Each partner is protected from the other partners’ wrongful acts, omissions, and negligence, but they may still be personally liable for their own actions.

Distribution of Businesses

Business Type Percent of Businesses in Colorado
Sole Proprietorship 75.9%
Limited Liability Company (LLC) 50-60%
S-Corporation 2-9%
C-Corporation 2-3%%
Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) Less than 1%

The percentages for Colorado vary each year and depend on the industry and location of the business. The data may also include information about companies registered in other states but operating in Colorado.

What Is an EIN Number?

Definition of Employer Identification Number – EIN

An Employer Identification Number (EIN) is a unique nine-digit identifier assigned to businesses in the United States by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). This number tracks companies’ tax accounts and is referred to as the Federal Tax Identification Number (TIN) or Federal Employer Identification Number (FEIN).

Do I Need One to Start a Business in Colorado?

In Colorado, an EIN is critical when launching a business, particularly if you’re forming a corporation, partnership, or employing staff. Additionally, an EIN is mandatory for specific tasks such as obtaining business permits, opening a commercial bank account, or filing tax returns.

How Do I Get One?

Securing an EIN is a simple process. You can apply online through the IRS website or submit Form SS-4 to the IRS via mail or fax. The online application method is the most efficient, as the EIN is typically issued instantly upon completion of the application.

For further assistance or inquiries, you can directly contact the IRS at

Phone: 1-800-829-4933 (businesses)


How to Start a Business in Colorado – Important Registration

Registering My Business Name

Contact the Colorado Secretary of State’s office to register your business name in Colorado. You can contact them by phone or visit their website.


Phone: 1-303-894-2200

Registering a DBA (Doing Business As) If Relevant

Contact your local county clerk and recorder’s office to register a DBA in Colorado.


Registering for Payroll State Payroll Taxes, Unemployment Insurance

To register for state payroll taxes and unemployment insurance in Colorado, create an account with the Colorado Department of Labor and Employment (CDLE).


Phone: 1-800-480-8299

Registering for Worker’s Compensation Insurance

Contact an authorized insurance provider in Colorado to register for workers’ compensation coverage. If you use a payroll service, they should be able to provide workers comp as well.

Registering for Collecting Sales Tax

To collect state sales tax in Colorado, create an account with the Colorado Department of Revenue, Taxation Division. In addition to a state tax, many cities or counties will tack on an additional sales tax.


Phone: 1-303-238-7378

Registering for Income Tax

Businesses operating in Colorado should register for income tax through the Colorado Department of Revenue, Taxation Division. Website:

Phone: 1-303-238-7378

Registering to Pay Property Tax

in Colorado, contact your local county assessor’s office. A list of county assessor offices can be found on the Colorado Division of Property Taxation website.


Permits for Starting a Business in Colorado

Do I Need a Business Permit to Operate a Business in Colorado?

At the State Level:
In Colorado, some businesses may require state-level permits or licenses, depending on the nature of the business and its industry. To determine if your business needs a state-level permit or license, consult the Colorado Office of Economic Development and International Trade.


In addition to state-level permits, your business may require local permits or licenses based on location and industry. The Colorado Business Express website is a useful resource to help you identify specific permit requirements for your business.


Before beginning your business operations in Colorado, conducting comprehensive research on all the necessary permits and licenses is essential.

Check With Your City: Reach out to your city’s business licensing department to learn about any permits required for your business operations. They will provide you with the necessary information and assistance.

Check With Your Country: Each county may have unique rules and licensing requirements for businesses within its jurisdiction. Therefore, obtaining this information from the county office or website is essential for compliance.

Check With Your County: Along with city and county requirements, your region may also have specific regulations and permit needs for businesses within its jurisdiction. Contact your region’s clerk’s office or visit their website to gain more insight into the necessary permits and licenses for your business.

Along with city and county requirements, your region may also have specific regulations and permit needs for businesses within its jurisdiction. Contact your region’s clerk’s office or visit their website to gain more insight into the necessary permits and licenses for your business.

How do I learn about any special permits I need for my business?

If you’re starting a new business in Colorado, it’s crucial to identify any special permits or licenses required for your industry. These requirements can vary depending on factors such as your business’s location and size. To avoid legal issues and potential penalties, it’s important to conduct thorough research on the necessary permits.

Fortunately, there are resources available to help you with this process. The Colorado Office of Economic Development and International Trade provides guidance and support to businesses regarding licensing and permit requirements. You can visit their website to review specific regulations or schedule a consultation with their expert staff for additional assistance.

Your local chamber of commerce or small business development center is also a valuable resource. These organizations often assist entrepreneurs in navigating the complexities of regulatory compliance.

Financing Options for Entrepreneurs in Colorado

Obtaining sufficient financing is crucial for creating and fostering a thriving business in Colorado. Entrepreneurs can explore various funding options, including federal, state, and local resources.Aspen, USA - June 27, 2019: Town in Colorado with pedestrian mall in luxury expensive famous city during summer day

Financing a New Business

Selecting the appropriate financing option for your business can be challenging but vital for success. Various options are available, such as loans, grants, and investments from angel investors. You can identify the funding sources that best suit your business goals by conducting thorough research and planning.

SBA Loans and Microloans

The United States Small Business Administration (SBA) offers numerous loan programs, including microloans, to support aspiring entrepreneurs in establishing and expanding their businesses. Microloans are small-scale loans, generally short-term, designed to provide quick access to funds for small businesses.


In Colorado, microloan intermediaries like the Colorado Enterprise Fund and the Colorado Lending Source provide microloans to eligible businesses. Additionally, these intermediaries offer supplementary support services, such as business coaching and training.

SBA Microlenders in Colorado

The following is a list of SBA Microlenders in Colorado for those seeking financing opportunities for small businesses:

Colorado Enterprise Fund

Angela Valdez
1888 Sherman Street, Suite 530, Denver, 80203

Colorado Lending Source

Annie Krieger 1441 18th St,

Suite 100, Denver, CO 80202


State and Local Grants and Incentives

The Colorado Office of Economic Development and International Trade fosters business growth within the state through various grants and incentives. Notable programs include the Colorado Small Business Grants, which offer funding opportunities for small businesses. Additionally, the Colorado Job Growth Incentive Tax Credit encourages businesses that create high-quality jobs within the state.

Angel Investor Groups

Angel investors are individuals or groups that invest capital in startups in exchange for ownership equity or convertible debt. Numerous angel investor networks in Colorado actively support local businesses, such as Rockies Venture Club, Colorado Impact Fund, and Boulder Angels. Engaging with these networks can provide valuable networking opportunities and potential funding for your enterprise.

Remember that obtaining funding is just one aspect of launching a successful business. Examining and evaluating all financing options is essential for finding the perfect fit for your venture.

Benefits of a Well-Structured Business Plan

A thorough business plan provides numerous benefits for entrepreneurs. A meticulously crafted plan enables you to outline your objectives and tackle your business’s challenges. Moreover, a solid business plan serves as a guide to communicate your vision to stakeholders and partners and to direct your team.

Meeting Lender and Investor Expectations

Lenders and investors typically require a comprehensive business plan before providing financial support to your venture. An expertly prepared plan showcases your dedication and proficiency, highlighting your comprehension of the market, financial forecasts, and strategies for achieving success. By fulfilling the expectations of lenders and investors, a robust business plan can significantly enhance your likelihood of obtaining the essential funding to initiate and develop your business in Colorado.

Where Can I Find a Mentor to Help Me Succeed?

If you’re planning to start a business in Colorado, don’t hesitate to seek guidance from professionals like attorneys, SCORE mentors, or local business organizations. Networking with other entrepreneurs and engaging with mentors can also provide valuable insights and support to establish your business. Fortunately, many organizations and resources in Colorado cater to local entrepreneurs, offering mentorship and assistance. Some of these organizations include:

Colorado SCORE: This non-profit organization supports businesses by providing networking opportunities, resources, and mentorship to start and grow a business in Colorado.

Colorado Women’s Business Centers (WBCs): For female entrepreneurs, WBCs supply business advice, financial support, and networking resources to women initiating or managing a business in Colorado. Locate a local WBC through the SBA.

Mi Casa Resource Center: This organization offers a range of support programs to minority entrepreneurs, such as technical assistance, financial resources, and opportunities for training and development in Colorado.
Phone: (303) 573-1302

Veterans Business Outreach Center (VBOC): Military veterans interested in starting a business can find support from this organization. VBOC offers mentorship, community support, and guidance on local business administration in Colorado.

Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs) in Colorado: Funded by the U.S. Small Business Administration, SBDCs deliver support services such as consulting, mentorship programs, and access to resources for a nominal fee. These services are available to entrepreneurs throughout Colorado.

If you’re starting a new business or looking for additional support, these resources in Colorado offer a great platform to access information, expand your network, and grow your business.

The Economy of Colorado

Entrepreneurs who are planning to start a business in Colorado must have a thorough understanding of the state’s economy. It is essential to comprehend the financial landscape, consumer trends, and growth potential to succeed. A strong economy provides a favorable environment for new businesses to grow and expand.

Economic Overview

Average Household Income

The median household income in Colorado is $82,254, which is higher than the national median. This income level represents a substantial consumer base for businesses within the local market.

Average Level of Education

Approximately 42.7% of Colorado residents aged 25 years and older possess a bachelor’s degree or higher, while over 91% have completed their high school education. This high level of education often results in a skilled and competent workforce, benefiting companies in search of proficient employees.

Consumer Spending per Capita

In Colorado, per capita personal consumption expenditures (PCE) amount to $47,471, indicating a strong consumer market for businesses to target, providing opportunities for revenue and growth.

Understanding the economic landscape of Colorado can help entrepreneurs make informed decisions about the viability of their business ideas, identify market opportunities, and capitalize on the state’s thriving economy.

Top Industries in Colorado

Colorado boasts a thriving and diverse economy, with several industries contributing significantly to the state’s growth and development. One of the most rapidly expanding sectors is the technology and information industry. Home to numerous technology companies ranging from startups to established global corporations, this sector comprises over 14,000 companies employing more than 209,000 people. Since 2010, the industry has experienced a remarkable 32.5% increase in employment, showcasing its strong growth potential.

The aerospace industry also plays a vital role in Colorado’s economy, as the state is recognized for having the nation’s second-largest aerospace economy. With over 500 aerospace companies and suppliers operating within its borders, the state has become an epicenter for cutting-edge research, development, and manufacturing in the aerospace sector. Colorado’s highly educated workforce and its robust research institutions help support the growth and success of this industry.

Another prominent industry in Colorado is the energy sector, which encompasses both renewable and non-renewable resources. The state is a leader in renewable energy, ranking in the top 10 states for installed wind, solar, and geothermal capacity. Colorado’s commitment to clean energy development is evident in its ambitious Renewable Energy Standard, which aims to generate 30% of the state’s electricity from renewable sources. The energy sector is a significant driver of job creation and investment, with over 57,000 people in clean energy jobs.

Tourism is crucial to Colorado’s economy, generating billions of dollars in revenue and supporting thousands of jobs. Colorado attracts millions of visitors yearly with its stunning natural landscapes, including the Rocky Mountains, numerous ski resorts, and national parks. In 2019, the state welcomed over 86 million visitors, who spent approximately $24.2 billion, supporting more than 174,000 jobs. In addition, the tourism industry has a ripple effect on other sectors, such as retail, hospitality, and transportation.

Lastly, the agricultural sector has a long-standing presence in Colorado’s economy. The state’s diverse climate and geography enable various crops and livestock cultivation. Colorado is a leading producer of cattle, dairy products, corn, wheat, and hay. In 2019, the market value of agricultural products sold in Colorado was over $7.5 billion. The agricultural industry contributes to the state’s economy and is critical to global food security.

Colorado’s diverse economy offers numerous opportunities for entrepreneurs and investors alike. In addition, the state’s commitment to innovation, education, and sustainability ensures a bright future for its top industries and overall economic growth.

Identify complementary businesses: Given Colorado’s diverse economy, entrepreneurs have ample opportunities to identify complementary businesses and forge strategic partnerships. By working together, businesses in related industries can benefit from shared resources, joint marketing efforts, and mutual referrals. For example, technology companies can partner with aerospace firms to develop cutting-edge solutions, while agricultural producers can collaborate with local restaurants to create farm-to-table dining experiences.

Leverage workforce talent: Colorado’s highly educated workforce is a significant asset for businesses in the state. With a substantial percentage of residents holding bachelor’s degrees or higher, entrepreneurs have access to a skilled talent pool that can help drive innovation and growth. By leveraging this workforce talent, businesses can stay ahead of the competition and position themselves for long-term success in their respective industries.

Collaborate with industry leaders: Collaboration with industry leaders is a key strategy for businesses seeking to thrive in Colorado’s dynamic economy. By engaging with established companies and thought leaders, entrepreneurs can gain valuable insights, access mentorship, and explore potential partnerships. In addition, participating in local industry events, joining trade associations, and networking through professional organizations can provide entrepreneurs with invaluable opportunities to connect with industry leaders and elevate their businesses to new heights.

Workforce and Talent

When making hiring decisions for your business, it’s important to have a clear understanding of Colorado’s workforce and talent pool. This knowledge will help you choose the right team members and keep your business competitive.Travel in Grand Canyon, man Hiker with backpack enjoying view, USA

Unemployment Rate

Colorado boasts a robust economy, demonstrated by its low unemployment rate of 2.9% as of February 2023. This rate is a key indicator of the state’s economic health and job opportunities..

Minimum Wage

In Colorado, the minimum wage is $13.65 per hour.

Average Age and Demographics

The average age of the population in Colorado is approximately 36.9 years. The gender distribution is relatively balanced, with females accounting for about 49.7% and males comprising 50.3%.

Breakdown of People with Various Levels of Education

Among Colorado residents aged 25 years and older, the highest levels of education are as follows:

  1. 42.7% hold a bachelor’s degree or higher
  2. The state ranks 2nd in the nation for the percentage of residents with a bachelor’s degree or higher
  3. 8.9% have no high school diploma

Use this information to help recruit employees with the education and skills that best align with your business needs. Doing so can optimize your hiring process and create a strong foundation for your business in Colorado.

Top Areas of Skilled Workers for Residents of Colorado

Technology and Engineering

Colorado has a thriving technology and engineering sector, attracting skilled workers with software development, computer science, aerospace engineering, and more expertise. In addition, the state is home to multiple research institutions, such as the University of Colorado Boulder and Colorado State University, fostering a culture of innovation and technological advancement.


The healthcare industry is another significant source of skilled employment in Colorado. The state’s growing population and focus on wellness have led to a high demand for healthcare professionals, including doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and medical technicians. This demand has created a workforce skilled in healthcare delivery and administration.

Renewable Energy

Colorado is at the forefront of the renewable energy industry, strongly emphasizing solar, wind, and hydroelectric power generation. As a result, the state attracts skilled workers with expertise in renewable energy technologies, energy efficiency, and sustainable infrastructure development. This focus on clean energy has also spurred the growth of related industries, such as electric vehicle production and energy storage solutions.

Outdoor Recreation and Tourism

Colorado’s natural beauty and diverse landscapes make it a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts and tourists. This has led to a thriving outdoor recreation and tourism industry, employing skilled workers in hospitality, adventure tourism, and environmental conservation. Additionally, the state has several renowned ski resorts, attracting winter sports professionals and enthusiasts.

Financial Services

The financial services sector is another key contributor to Colorado’s economy. Skilled finance, accounting, and banking workers are in high demand as the state’s businesses and population grow. Denver, in particular, serves as a hub for finance and business-related services, offering a range of employment opportunities for those with expertise in these fields.

Colorado’s diverse economy and focus on innovation make it an attractive destination for skilled workers across various industries. From technology and engineering to healthcare and renewable energy, the state offers ample opportunities for professionals to contribute their expertise and drive growth. In addition, the thriving outdoor recreation, tourism, and financial services sectors further enrich Colorado’s skilled workforce landscape, ensuring a robust and dynamic environment for businesses and residents alike.

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